In the territory of the district thanks to opening of deposits of hydrocarbonic raw materials, intensive operation of forest and other natural riches created base of the region of new development. The population of the district increased repeatedly, the special mentality, characteristic for this region started being formed.
The largest rivers: Ob - 3650 km, Irtysh - 3580 km. Total length used navigable and floatable parts of the rivers makes more than 5 thousand kilometers. The largest lakes in the central part of the West Siberian Plain: Tormomtor - 139 sq.km, Vandmtor - 127 sq.km, Piltanlor - 98 sq.km, Syrkovoye - 94 sq.km, Num - That - 68 sq.km, Samotlor - 61 sq.km, Sykhtynlor - 58 sq.km.
From the first days of development of Samotlor pilots became irreplaceable assistants to oil industry workers, builders, geologists. They helped with exploring of new fields, participated in installation of power lines, oil derricks and pipelines, delivered in deaf places of doctors, construction materials, the food.
In ancient times Ugra (Ugrian the Samoyed tribes were pushed aside under the pressure of the nomads coming from the South on the North of Siberia. The part of yugorets lodged on Northern Zauralie, and some Samoyed tribes passed across Ob up to its lower reaches. From merge of Samoyeds to aboriginals of the polar tundra there were Nenets, and to ancient inhabitants of a taiga, Ugra tribes - Selkups. The last wandered on the average Ob Current. Ugra tribes were divided into the Khanty ( and Mansi (the Vogul subsequently. Mansi accommodated closer to the Urals and its slopes, on the left inflows of Ob: Konda, North Sosva, the Khanty - on the valley of Ob and Narym to the mouth and to its inflows: To Vakh, Kazym, Agana, Yugana, in lower reaches of Irtysh.
In the total area of the district - 538 thousand square kilometers, agricultural grounds (pastures, arable lands, deposits, haymakings) occupy 3%, bogs - 43%, bushes - 1%, a surface water (the rivers, lakes - 6%, the wood - 44%.
In the twelfth century Turkic tribes of which the Siberian Tatars were formed later began to get into Priobye's Average. Pushing aside and subordinating itself the Khanty and Mansi, the Tatar nomads occupied the extensive territory on the average Irtysh and Ob Current and its some inflows.
Despite the high district status, it cannot be compared to Nizhnevartovsk or Surgut, Kogalym or Nefteyugansk in any way. It is much less across the territory (250 sq.km.) and the population (36 thousand people) and until recently was much more modest both on external signs of wellbeing, and on a standard of living of citizens. There are no industrial enterprises, and in fact it is the city official. Such Siberian Bonn.
However huge the riches got from a subsoil and in the territory of the district passed through hands of the people creating these values. In 65 years the industry of the district delivered to a national economy: oil - 1 billion tons, gas - 470 billion cubic meters, the woods - the 287th million cubic meters, fish - the 807th thousand tons, the electric power - 731 billion kilowatt-hours.
In Nizhnevartovsk 37 averages general education and two auxiliary schools. Graduates have opportunity, without leaving the hometown, to continue study in two technical training colleges, oil technical school, technical lyceum, medical school, at all-technical faculty of the Tyumen industrial institute, in the highest teacher training college and teacher training college.