The general tectonic structure of the Bashkir Zauralie is characterized by existence of the large anticlinal fold extended in the meridialny direction, with the ridges towering on it Irendyk and Krykta. The lowered hilly and flat spaces adjoining these ridges from the West and the East differ in very complex sinklinalny structure.
This height to share on the western slope consisting of a number of ridges of meridional pro-deleting, mountain knots and ranges and the central part occupied with long, rather flat Ural-Tau Range, its direct branches, and also interspine valleys.
The Ufa plateau lies in a river basin of Ufa and its inflows of Yuryuzan and Ai. This most ancient part of crust represents itself the low, but quite strongly cut up by ravines and river valleys plateau put by almost not deployed verkhnepaleozoysky limestones.
Also special attention needs to be paid on those monuments which are located in the most visited places. It, first of all, falls Atysh, Cook-Karauk, Gadelsha (appendix, Uchkatla, Sharipovsky, Azantash, Argasyak, Mambet, Kuzganak, Aktash. ((
Rather low (to 450 meters above sea level) heights, bordering coast of the rivers and gradually going down, as approaching the rivers Béla and Kama, pass the lowland into slightly wavy Belsko-Kamsko-Tanypskuyu.
Ranges and ridges of the Bashkir Urals are divided by the deep valleys having in most cases a tectonic or tectonic and erosive origin. These valleys are in the majority extended in the same direction, as ranges and ridges (valleys of headwaters of the rivers Béla, Ai, Sakmara, B. Ik, Nugush, Inzer, the Urals, Tanalyk, etc. are that).
In many countries it developed and steadily the industry of tourism having huge material resources, providing employment of millions of people and interacting almost with all branches of economy develops. Today tourism on a gross revenue takes the second place in the world after oil and the first place in the world – on granting workplaces.
In the territory of Bashkiria it is possible to meet also stony tops of mountains with very poor vegetation and magnificent water meadows; and fir-tree and fir taiga, pine pine forests, forest listvennichny groves and monotonous kovylny steppe.
The Bashkir Cisural area in its southwest platform part represents itself the sublime and hilly plain having the general slope on average a watercourse Béla from the South on the North, and in the lower current on the northwest.
The area located to the east of the described advanced mountains and ridges of the western slope is put by a powerful complex of the sea deposits consisting mainly of carbonate and detrital sedimentary breeds. Among them metamorphic and ancient crystal breeds diabases, gneisses and coils occasionally meet.
In Bashkiria over 50 mineral sources (the mineralized waters and curative dirt) from which salty waters and dirt of the Krasnousolsky salty source and lakes are studied more or less in detail are known: Muldak, Kandry-kul, Asly-kul; hot couples of the mountain of Yangan-tau, and also sources: Asinsky, Tereklinsky and Askinsky.
From other rivers of Bashkiria (except White and its inflow the largest, important important economic, are: Ik (the left inflow of Kama), upper courses of Sakmara with inflows B. Ik, the Urman Zilair, Yalan Zilair and Tanalyk (inflow the Urals.
The most important inflows of the river by Béla are: Ufa which also have some considerable inflows (Ouch, Yuryuzan, Tyuy), Sim (with inflows Inzer, Lemez, Nugush, Ashkadar, Urshak,, Chermasan, Xun and Fast Tanyp. Almost all these rivers are floatable and are used for a timber-rafting and in the power purposes.
The territory of Bashkiria in different parts is very various both on a relief, and on climate, and on hydrography. Reflecting difficult constructed distinctions of climatic and hydrographic conditions, the soil and vegetable cover of Bashkiria also differs in a big variety of the soil and vegetable groups making it. Here very various types of soils and vegetable associations are presented.