Creativity Ibn-Rushda, the philosopher, the doctor, the astronomer, the mathematician, the lawyer and the poet, marks top philosophical thinking of Arabs. It as if summed up the result of the previous development philosophy Arab, having had thus strong impact on formation of philosophical thought at the people of medieval Europe.
Huge value of the doctrine of Farabi consists not only that it supplies with the exhaustive and comprehensive information on all branches of knowledge existing on the Middle East and submits some kind of encyclopedia of sciences, but also in the following.
In the east most widely from this classification division of any knowledge on theoretical and practical was used. The theoretical was meant as pure knowledge of the world, that is speculative knowledge of its general structure, and under practical – knowledge of human activity, of society and a family.
Philosophers and scientists, Gazali who is not able to understand true nature of things assured. He opposed the doctrine of Farabi and Ibn-Siny about reason, as the highest of all mental abilities of the person. Gazali allowed some value of reason only in the form of the regulating beginning.
Thirdly, in classification of Farabi various nations not mutually exclude each other, and are considered in their interrelation. Each science studies a certain party of substance, and in total the nations comprehensively reflect life in general.
The Arab culture in Spain had impact not only on Europe: it takes an important place in the history of world culture. Through the Kordovsky caliphate the European countries got acquainted (in translations) with works of the Arab scientists on mathematics, astronomy, geography, physics, alchemy, medicine, anatomy.
Reason for charge Ibn-Rushda in heresy as the theologian Abu-Muhammad Adb-al-Ayzi tells modern to him, was the following case. Astrologers predicted a hurricane which had to bring big misfortunes in a certain day. The population of Cordoba was strongly excited and took cover in vaults. The governor of Cordoba called scientists of this city, including Ibn-Rushda and his friend Ibn-Bunduda to talk to them concerning this event. Two friends, abandoning the governor, talked about the forthcoming hurricane, interpreting this phenomenon from the point of view of physics and meteorology.
Economic progress the Arab Spain was followed by its cultural rise. In Cordoba there was a huge library and university. Many other cities of the country were famous for libraries. The higher schools in the Arab Spain were one of the first in Europe. Considerable rise is endured by sciences: medicine, mathematics, geography. The Arab Spain – the homeland of the most visible progressive philosophers of the time: Ibn-Romda (Averroes and Maymonida. Blossoming of art and literature, especially poetry, in Spain falls on that time when culture level in other Western Europe was still very low; many Europeans came to study at universities of Cordoba, Seville, Malaga, Granada.
The humanistic idea Ibn-Badzhzhi in this treatise is clear, the witness of all social defects with which feudal society was impregnated modern to it, he dreamed of possible means for achievement of happiness by people in this world and found them not in mysticism, not in sufiysky asceticism. and in mighty human reason.
Ibn-Xing, al-Farabi, Ibn-Rushd, Ibn-Badzhzha, Ibn-Tufeyl and other great thinkers of the past made an unreasonable contribution to theoretical knowledge, not only the Arab East, but also Europe which the philosophy and only it is.